Myasthenia Gravis: Types Causes And Medication

What is Myasthenia Gravis?

Myasthenia Gravis causes due to weakest muscles. It’s a long-term condition. We take these kinds of symptoms in a very coolest way. Rather, we should be alert from these symptoms. Such as, when you’re eating you may hear voices which are coming from your jaws. Furthermore, you face difficulty to eat your meal that just because of your muscles get weaker day by day.

Myasthenia Gravis Definition

Myasthenia Gravis is commonly recognized as the neuromuscular disorder. It occurs when the muscles and nerve cells communication become weak. It’s most commonly occur in the one or two members of the family. Myasthenia Gravis is difficult in pronunciation (My-as-theen-ee-a grav-us). 

Myasthenia Gravis Disease

The disease most commonly affects your muscles of your eyes. People with MG suffers from the dropping of the eyelid. The disease also affects the facial movements. You may suffer from the disabilities to chew your food. You can also feel hardship in eating your food.

Types of Myasthenia Gravis

It is the neuromuscular disease which occurs by the fewer strength muscles. Similarly, it is also characterized by the weakness and tiredness. The typical five types of Myasthenia gravis are :

  • Congenital MG
  • Ocular MG
  • Generalized MG
  • Juvenile MG
  • Transient neonatal MG

Congenital myasthenia gravis:

It can cause by the genetic defect. Typically inherited by both the parents. Rather than, the weaker immune system disease. It occurs due to the change of the gene. The communication between muscles and the nerve cells get affected.

Ocular myasthenia gravis:

The skeletal muscles which are in the control get affected. The common symptom of Ocular MG is dropping of the eyelid.

Generalized myasthenia gravis: 

The patient with generalized MG have the weaker muscles. They can notice the unnecessary tiredness during the routine. Generalized MG can affect the facial functionality. 

Juvenile myasthenia gravis:

Juvenile MG is a rare form of Myasthenia Gravis. It is usually seen in children and adolescents. It is a chronic condition which requires life-long management. Its symptoms are fatigue, muscular weakness, which is treatable. Its generalized weakness with arrival before 18 years of age.

Transient neonatal myasthenia gravis:

It may inherit. It can be diagnosed after the 48 hours of the delivery. The symptoms may include a weak cry, difficulties in feeding and breathing. The symptoms may occur in a day or in a week.

Causes of Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia Gravis cause by the autoimmune problems. This occurs when your immune system attacks your healthier tissues. Due to which antibodies that normally attack the harmful substances of the bodies. It starts attacking your neuromuscular junction. The attacks on neuromuscular junction affect the communication between your muscles or nerve cell. Due to which you can face the muscles weakness.

See Also Our More Detailed Article: Myasthenia Gravis Causes And Treatment

According to scientists, the exact causes of MG are unclear. One theory mention that the viral and bacterial effects cause the muscles weakness.

MG can affect any races and any age group. Mostly women are with MG are highly diagnosing in the age of 40. The man with MG is the diagnosis in the age of 60.

Myasthenia Gravis Test

Myasthenia Gravis Test/Diagnose
Myasthenia Gravis Test/Diagnose

For the test of MG is include first go to see your doctor. He’ll ask about the all the thing which you’re facing in your daily routine. Furthermore, he’ll ask about your history symptoms. He’ll exam your full physical functionality.

  • Check your eyelid
  • He’ll say to move your eyeball
  • Notice your body gesture
  • Checking your muscles weakness
  • Testing sensation in your body
  • Blood testing
  • Stimulation testing
  • CT scan
  • MRI

Myasthenia Gravis Symptoms

The Symptoms of Myasthenia Gravis is the weakness of the voluntary skeletal muscles. Voluntary skeletal muscles are in your control. It affects voluntary skeletal muscles. Communication between nerve cells and muscles get effects. As a result, the failure of muscles weakness occurs. When nerve impulse cannot respond.
Some of the MG symptoms are:

  • Dropping of eyelid
  • Double Vision
  • Problem in chewing
  • Facing difficulties in breathing
  • The problem in walking upstairs
  • Fatigue

Myasthenia Gravis Medication

Hence, there is no cure for MG. But Corticosteroids or immunosuppressant can be preferred in the medication. These medications may help in suppress in the immune system. As a result of these medications, the abnormal reaction of the immune system can minimize. There is some medication for MG such as:

Change in lifestyle:

Change your lifestyle means changing in your diet. Low-quality fast food affects your immune system. Also, active those substances which can affect your immune system. Try to eat healthy food. such as fresh fruits, and vegetables. Intake all the vitamins which are beneficial for your healthy body.

Thymus gland removal

The patients of MG have the weaker immune system. The removal of the thymus gland may show the fewer weakness muscles.

Avoid Stress

Avoid being in around those people who may are the reasons for your sorrow, stress or sadness. Try to be with those you make you happy. Most noteworthy, when you’re happy your whole body feels the energy. The more energy you have the more power you will feel. As a result, you can fight with anything. Probably happiness makes your immune system healthier.

Myasthenia Gravis Ptosis

The Ptosis and the double vision in Myasthenia Gravis are the reason of weaker muscles. Similarly, the sign of ptosis is your upper eyelid muscles get weaker day by day. Due to, which your upper eyelid muscles can be drop. Probably, People with Ptosis is known by lazy eyes. Therefore, that term is commonly known as amblyopia.

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