Sepsis & Septicemia: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

What Is Sepsis?

Sepsis is a deadly disease. It is due to chemicals which are responsible for fighting against infection. Chemical released by the immune system to fight against infection enters the blood, causes inflammation. These chemicals spread in the whole body. This inflammation results in either leaking or blood clotting. This should be adequately treated as this can lower blood pressure. It is a severe condition. About 258,000 people kill due to sepsis.


What Is Septicemia?

Septicemia is the mixing of bacteria in the blood. Septicemia results in sepsis. This disease can start at different organs or parts of the body. This is also known as blood poisoning. This is also a deadly disease in which blood carries bacteria and its intoxication to all the body parts. We can call septicemia early stage of sepsis. Moreover, different kinds of bacterias can enter the bloodstream, making the situation worse.


Causes Of Sepsis And Septicemia?

Sepsis Causes
Sepsis Causes

Any infection can result in sepsis. However, following bacteria or diseases are likely to end in sepsis.

  • Kidney infection
  • Abdominal infection
  • Blood infection
  • Pneumonia

The above disease will not always attack the victim. There are several conditions in which one is likely to get this. Those are

  • Excessive usage of antibiotics. This would reduce their immunity and positive reaction towards medicines.
  • Immunity reduces with age. So senior citizens are likely to get this disease.

On the other hand, septicemia is the severe infection which leaves its bacteria in the blood. Then that bacteria are carried to other parts of the body. The most common causes of septicemia are:

  • Kidney infection
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Lung infection

People of very young and old age are likely to have sepsis. Weak immunity will also result in this disease. Even steroid injects may result in blood poisoning.


What Are Their Symptoms

There are several symptoms of this disease. Moreover, these symptoms start quickly. The common symptoms are:

  • Increase in heart rate
  • Red spots on the body
  • Breathing fastly
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Low body temperature
  • Low Blood pressure
  • Diarrhea

As we know, septicemia, if not treated, will result in sepsis. If its not treated immediately, will result in sepsis shocks or even death. Shallow blood pressure is the result of sepsis and is known as  sepsis shocks. 


How To Test Sepsis And Septicemia

Imaging and blood tests are done to diagnose sepsis and septicemia. Moreover, tests are done to know the exact reasons. However, treatment should begin before results came. Besides the blood test, the doctor may ask for a urine test. Wound and respiratory secretions can be helpful too.

How To Treat Sepsis and Septicemia?

Here it should be noted that sepsis is treatable. However, it is curable only if diagnosed in its early stages. First and foremost solution is to control heartbeat, and stabilize breathing. Moreover, they are treated with medications. Antibiotics and intravenous are required. Vasopressors is there to improve blood pressure. Surgery can be done to remove the source of infection, removal of pus, and removing clots.

Is Septicemia Contagious

People usually think that septicemia is contagious. However, it is not a contagious disease. It won`t spread by interacting with the patient. It felt to be contagious because it is due to infection. However, contamination of nature is different. The disease is inside the body.

Moreover, it is treatable and recoverable. About 40% of patients can recover from this disease. Further, a patient can recover 100%.

Are Sepsis And Bacteremia Same

Bacteremia VS. Septicemia

Sepsis and bacteremia are usually interchangeable terms. However, they are not the same. Both are blood diseases but of different intensity. Bacteremia may not be dangerous. It can the existence of any bacteria in the blood. Bacteremia is not as fatal as is sepsis. The bacteria releases in the bloodstream as a result of bacteremia may be due to brushing the teeth.

Read Our More Detailed Article: How To Brush Your Teeth Properly

  • Sepsis is the existence of dangerous bacteria in the bloodstream. This existence will result in inflammation. Sepsis is a terrible disease.


Bacteremia VS. Septicemia VS. Toxemia

We may call bacteremia a peaceful existence of bacteria in the bloodstream. Which is not as dangerous as is septicemia. The bacteria in bacteremia is not toxic, and moreover, it`s toxication is not carried in the blood. Furthermore, it is resolvable on its own, whereas septicemia needs medical treatment for removal. Toxemia is toxic material which runs in the bloodstream. Pregnant ladies usually faces toxemia. Toxemia usually raises blood pressure.


Last but not least, Never take infections easy. Never leave you wounds unattended. Treat every disease as earliest as possible. Especially when one is taking medicines for a more extensive period so they should be cautious of their inability or weakness of the immunity system.

Moreover, they treat every disease towards complete recovery. However one should spread the awareness of what knowledge you gain. Never try to address your conditions on your own. Always seek an expert opinion.

Read Our More Detailed Article: Lead Poisoning: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

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