What Is Down Syndrome
DS or DNS is the abbreviation of down syndrome. This is a genetic disorder. Our human body is made of millions of cells. Cells contain a nucleus. It is the control center of the cell. Chromosomes are present inside the nucleus. Chromosomes play a vital role in cell division and genes transfers. Our inherited characteristics are transferred to us through these chromosomes. So a normal person has 46 chromosomes in each cell. On the other hand, sometimes a person has an extra chromosome. That extra one causes down syndrome. It was first discovered in the late nineties.
Down Syndrome Baby
This extra chromosome makes the development process slow. Down syndrome is visible since birth. The babies with this disease usually have flat features with small eyes and weak muscles. Babies with down syndrome are born like a normal child with normal weight. However, their development is slower, as compared to a normal child.
Moreover, they have digestive issues. Although down syndrome is not completely recoverable, but situations can improve. These babies can become an active participant in society with a strong will and hard work.
This syndrome is common in America. About one in every 700 children has this syndrome — moreover, 6000 babies are born with down syndrome in America every year.
Types Of Down Syndrome
There are three types of Down Syndrome.
Down Syndrome Symptoms
This Down syndrome can affect the patient mentally or physically. It is very different for every person. For some, it is mild or moderate, but for others, it is severe. Following are some of the physical and mental symptoms.
Physical Symptoms are :
People with down syndrome have slow mental development. Their ability to think, understand, and the reason is more time-consuming than usual people. They walk, crawl, and talk later than normal people. They need special attention in school to read and write.
However, whatever the symptoms are, down syndrome`s negative effects can be reversed to some extent.
Down Syndrome Test
Most of the obstetricians and gynecologists in America recommend down syndrome test during pregnancy regardless of age. Usually, it occurs when there is a history of DS in the family, especially at the male side. Moreover, blood tests is the option to check the probability of down syndrome. In the case of some positive results, more tests are done.
CVS is the other way to diagnose. In CVS, cells are taken from the placenta to check the extra copy of fetal chromosomes. DS tests can be done after birth.
Sometimes babies are born with DS physical features, but in reality, they don`t have down syndrome. So chromosomal karyotype is an option to make sure about DS. Fish is another type of test which diagnoses DNS after birth.
Down Syndrome Treatment
Treatment of DNS is different for everyone. However, this treatment should start at an early age. There is no proper treatment for this disease. However, we can reduce the effects and make them some responsible citizens through these actions:
Moreover, there are special schools for children facing DNS. They do handle the need of such students with specialized equipment. There is a first reading and speech therapist. Getting help from them will raise the child in a better way.
Down Syndrome Facts
There are some universally accepted research findings regarding down syndromes.
Down Syndrome Pregnancy Test
There are two types of tests to test the DS during pregnancy.
DNS is a common genetic problem. America is the country with the most population of DNS. We can`t control its possibility. However, what we can do is its effective treatment to make sure of their active participation in society.